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Investigation of 2-Fluoro Benzoic Acid Derivatives as Influenza A Viral Sialidase Selective Inhibitors
Neuraminidase (NA), a glycoside hydrolase enzyme, plays pivotal roles in controlling biological functions not only of influenza viruses but also of humans. Zanamivir and oseltamivir designed to target influenza neuraminidase have become extensively used for influenza clinical treatment as its high a
Development of Montelukast Sodium Loaded Niosomal Carriers by Film Hydration Technique
The aim of this study was to develop and characterize montelukast sodium loaded niosomal drug carrier systems. The vesicles were prepared by film hydration technique using different surfactants. The optimized formulation was selected on the basis of results obtained from drug entrapment, morphology
Immunotherapeutic Impact of Toll-like Receptor Agonists in Breast Cancer
Onset of tumors in breast cancer is a multi-factorial event at different ages and ethnic populations. The conventional treatment strategy suggests use of anti-estrogen drugs and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). Although, this strategy has achieved significant success to prevent tumor
Induction and Escalation Therapies in Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease affecting the central nervous system. Pharmacological therapy of MS includes symptomatic drugs, treatment for relapses (corticosteroid and intravenous immunoglobulin) and disease modifying drugs (DMDs) defined as pharmacological agents that
Effects of CAP-regimen Chemotherapy on Blood Redox Status in Patients with Ovarian Cancer
Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal of gynecologic tumors because women generally present with advanced stage disease. Platinum-based chemotherapy play a pivotal role in OC treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of CAP-regimen chemotherapy on blood redox status in p
Neddylation Pathway as a Novel Anti-cancer Target: Mechanistic Investigation and Therapeutic Implication
Protein neddylation, a newly characterized posttranslational modification that adds the ubiquitin-like molecule NEDD8 to substrates, modulates important biological processes, whereas dysfunction of neddylation may cause several serious diseases, such as cancer. Inhibition of neddylation pathway has
Synthesis of Some New Monocyclic β-Lactams Bearing a Morpholine Moiety at their N1 Positions as Antifungal Agents
The synthesis of 40 new monocyclic β-lactams bearing a morpholine moiety at their N1 positions is described. The structures of these compounds have been confirmed by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Mass spectra and Elemental analysis. The antimicrobial activities of the synthetic compounds have been teste
A Novel Multi-functional Fluorescent Probe for Cu2+, Fe3+ and Ag+ Based on a Pyrimidine Thiourea Derivative
A multi-functional “turn-off” fluorescent probe, N-[[(6-Amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,3- dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-5-pyrimidinyl)amino]thioxomethyl]- benzamide, was synthesized and characterized. The probe showed high sensitivity and selectivity towards copper(II), iron(III) and silver(I) ions via quenchi
Using Silica-titania Xerogels for Solid Phase Spectrophotometric Determination of Fluoride in Oral Hygiene Products
New materials - silica-titania xerogels modified with polyphenols (caffeic acid, catechol, and quercetin) or hydrogen peroxide - have been used for solid phase spectrophotometric determination of fluoride ions. The fast and simple method is based on the xerogel incorporated titanium(IV) complexes di
Cytotoxic, Antiproliferative and Apoptotic Effects of New Benzimidazole Derivatives on A549 Lung Carcinoma and C6 Glioma Cell Lines
Benzimidazole ring is a versatile structure which has been extensively utilized in medicinal chemistry. Since we are working on 1,2-disubstutited benzimidazoles, we have reported new antitumor active derivatives. As a continuation to our previous work, we have synthesized a new series of 1-(2-aryl-2
Design and Synthesis of Mannich bases as Benzimidazole Derivatives as Analgesic Agents
Mannich bases were selected for 2D QSAR study to derive meaningful relationship between the structural features and analgesic activity. Using the knowledge of important features a novel series was designed to obtain improved analgesic activity. A series of novel Mannich bases 1-(N-substituted amino)
Chemomodulating Effects of Flavonoids in Human Leukemia Cells
Flavonoids, a diverse class of polyphenolic compounds, are well known for their anticancer properties. Moreover, it is generally accepted that these plant secondary metabolites can also sensitize malignant cells to conventional chemotherapeutic drugs and could thus be considered as potential adjunct
Intracellular ROS Generation Mediates Maleimide-induced Cytotoxicity in Leukemia Cells
Maleimides consist of an important class of compounds easily synthesized with multiple functional group modification that provides expressive pharmacological properties including, antitumoral activity, mediated mainly by oxidative stress. For this reason, the present study was designed to evaluate t

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